By Archibald R. Lewis
Early within the 8th century, the present of the Muslim circulate that inundated northern Spain crept over the Pyrenees to unfold throughout a part of the French Midi. From the north the tide of Carolingian conquest pressured the Muslims again and took in those related southern French and northerly Spanish provinces. through the related period the Vikings raided intermittently and with various levels of depth alongside the seacoasts and up the inland waterways, occasionally controlling massive parts for prolonged periods.
These raids and conquests necessarily affected the way of living of the folks of southern France and Catalonia. modern tourists and later students have famous that the feudal traditions and duties that have been so robust within the north appeared very susceptible or nonexistent within the south. they discovered that the land held mostly as allods, now not as feudal fiefs; they observed that ladies held positions of unusual energy, that during the region there has been nice emphasis on cash, and that the traditions of Roman and Visigothic legislation nonetheless survived.
Although students have famous those modifications, not anyone has made a finished research of southern French and Catalan society as an entire. it truly is to fill this void that Archibald Lewis presents this quantity. In an in depth and scholarly research, established mostly upon unique files and chronicles, he examines the familial, social, monetary, governmental, army, and non secular lifetime of the realm from 718 to 1050 A.D.
Lewis offers as accomplished an image because the files will let of the society that existed within the early 8th century, describes and discusses the main alterations which took place
during the following 3 centuries, and analyzes their motives and results. This learn, consisting of cautious and unique notes and an in depth bibliography, offers a competent and long-needed reference tool.
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Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718-1050 by Archibald R. Lewis