Sigur E. Whitaker's James Allison: A Biography of the Engine Manufacturer and PDF

By Sigur E. Whitaker

one of the engineers fueling the fast upward thrust of the automobile on the sunrise of the 20 th century used to be James Allison, a fountain pen maker who joined with Carl G. Fisher in 1904 to discovered Prest-O-Lite, an early producer of the ability resource for automobile headlights. This biography tracks Allison’s involvement within the Indianapolis 500, which he cofounded with Fisher and others, in addition to his desktop shop’s building of the freedom engine, the 1st heavily produced airplane engine, and likewise the V1710, the workhorse of global struggle II army plane. via his particular ingenuity and perseverance, Allison created a legacy that also resonates at the present time on the Indianapolis 500, Rolls-Royce, and Allison Transmission.

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Get John Frank Stevens: Civil Engineer (Railroads Past and PDF

By Clifford Foust

One of America's most appropriate civil engineers of the earlier a hundred and fifty years, John Frank Stevens used to be a railway reconnaissance and placement engineer whose attractiveness was once made at the Canadian Pacific and nice Northern strains. Self-taught and pushed through a bulldog tenacity of goal, he was once employed by means of Theodore Roosevelt as leader engineer of the Panama Canal, making a technical success some distance sooner than its time. Stevens additionally served for greater than 5 years because the head of the USA Advisory fee of Railway specialists to Russia and as a expert who contributed to many engineering feats, together with the keep watch over of the Mississippi River after the disastrous floods of 1927 and building of the Boulder (Hoover) Dam. Drawing on Stevens’s surviving own papers and fabrics from tasks with which he used to be linked, Clifford Foust deals an illuminating investigate the lifetime of an entire civil engineer.

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Lise Meitner and the Dawn of the Nuclear Age - download pdf or read online

By Patricia Rife,J.A. Wheeler

This biography of Lise Meitner (1878-1968), the Austrian Jewish girl physicist on the center of the invention of nuclear fission, additionally seems at significant advancements in physics in the course of her existence. Meitner was once a colleague and buddy of many giants of twentieth century physics: Max Planck, her Berlin mentor, Einstein, von Laue, Marie Curie, Chadwick, Pauli and Bohr. She used to be the 1st girl to earn a Ph.D. in physics on the collage of Vienna, a pioneer within the examine of radioactive tactics and, along with her nephew Otto Robert Frisch, an interpreter of the method of nuclear fission in 1938. but on the finish of worldwide conflict II, her colleague of thirty years, radiochemist Otto Hahn by myself was once offered the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the “discovery” of nuclear fission — a discovery according to years of study during which Meitner was once at once concerned ahead of her mystery 1938 get away from Nazi Germany to Sweden.

“A tale of 1 of the part dozen such a lot outstanding girls of the 20 th century.” — John Archibald Wheeler, Princeton University

“Patricia Rife’s biography actually brings Meitner to lifestyles, either as a scientist and as a woman... Rife weaves Meitner’s own struggles into the social and political cloth of her occasions. for instance, the tale of Meitner’s early profession is advised opposed to the backdrop of the advance of the hot physics, with ample illumination of the constrained clients for girls scientists within the German-speaking international throughout the early 20th century. while Meitner's tale enters the Nazi period — together with her break out from Germany — it's as riveting because the most sensible novel.” — Catherine Westfall, expertise and Culture

“A well-written, thorough, readable and engrossing work.” — Gary Goldstein, Peace and alter: a magazine of Peace Research

“Rife has produced a thrilling booklet, which reads like a singular and she or he supplies justice to Meitner’s lifestyles jam-packed with technology and human stories... [The] publication is a gorgeous tribute to a very good scientist; it has much to coach us approximately our global; and it's a nice learn. I warmly suggest it to all people drawn to technology and in history.” — Structural Chemistry

“Lise Meitner involves existence as writer Rife skillfully weaves social, political, and medical occasions right into a well-researched and documented paintings. Lists of Meitner’s awards and guides and an intensive bibliography entire this wonderful book.” — organization of girls in technology Magazine

“The dramatic story of the invention of nuclear fission at the eve of WWII... not only a narrative of ideas... but additionally of the social and highbrow milieu within which those principles have been constructed. it's also the tale of the way a shy, self-effacing younger lady, via expertise and tough paintings, grew to become a world-class scientist... Rife tells this tale very well.” — The Antioch Review

“The specific advantage of Rife’s biography of Austrian physicist Meitner is that it locations her existence and paintings in the historic context... it's finished, as a rule truly written... and acceptable for undergraduate scholars. simply enough technology is integrated as to clarify the importance of her work... wide bibliography, informative footnotes.” — Choice

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When I was a Fish by Mike Bruton PDF

By Mike Bruton

This fast paced, hugely readable publication not just recounts the intense lifetime of Mike Bruton, one of many top fish biologists in Africa, but additionally explores and discusses a number of the matters and themes within which he used to be concerned as a scientist, conservationist and technological know-how educator. via humorous, abnormal and infrequently alarming episodes in the course of his occupation, Bruton exhibits that an aquatic scientist’s lifestyles is a narrative worthy telling!

He grew to become keen about fish in the course of his early formative years and carried this ardour with him all through his profession. Bruton used to be born within the city the place the 1st dwelling coelacanth used to be stumbled on and studied at Rhodes college in South Africa even as the nice ichthyologist, Professor JLB Smith, who defined ‘old fourlegs’. He for that reason grew to become Director of the Ichthyology Institute confirmed in Smith’s identify and pioneered searches for the coelacanth off the coast of southern Africa and within the Western Indian Ocean utilizing the German learn submersible, ‘Jago’. including colleagues from South Africa, america, Canada and Germany he made many new discoveries at the biology of this outstanding fish and campaigned across the world for its conservation.

Mike’s learn at the freshwater fish of Africa and the center East bring about entanglements with crocodiles, hippopotami, large snakes and armed forces operations but additionally allowed him to give a contribution to overseas efforts to preserve wetlands and endangered species. He additionally made significant contributions to our knowing of the ways that fish are tailored to their watery environments and the way they made that epic evolutionary transition from water onto land. even if you're a fisherman, aquarist or sushi eater, you can be serious about those remarkable stories of a guy who virtually turned a fish!

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Hayden Lorimer,Charles W. J. Withers's Geographers: Biobibliographical Studies, Volume 32 PDF

By Hayden Lorimer,Charles W. J. Withers

This quantity of Geographers Biobibliographical Studies brings jointly essays on 4 Frenchmen, a Czech, and 3 Englishmen. The lives of our matters expand from the past due Enlightenment and the period of 'polite technology' in Regency Britain to the 1st decade of the twenty first century. those geographers and their stories are associated not just of their neighborhood services - from Brazil, French Indo-China to Scandinavia and South Africa - but additionally through their dedication to the advance of geography as a technology and as a self-discipline. right here, in several settings and at diverse instances, we will see how the lived adventure of geographers' lives formed the contours of the subject.

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Oppenheimer: The Tragic Intellect by Charles Thorpe PDF

By Charles Thorpe

At a time while the long island venture was once synonymous with large-scale technological know-how, physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904–67) represented the hot sociocultural energy of the yankee highbrow. Catapulted to popularity as director of the Los Alamos atomic guns laboratory, Oppenheimer occupied a key place within the compact among technological know-how and the kingdom that built out of worldwide warfare II. by way of tracing the making—and unmaking—of Oppenheimer’s wartime and postwar clinical identification, Charles Thorpe illustrates the struggles over the function of the scientist with regards to nuclear guns, the kingdom, and culture.

 

A fashionable highbrow biography, Oppenheimer maps out adjustments within the roles of scientists and intellectuals in twentieth-century the United States, finally revealing variations in Oppenheimer’s character that coincided with altering attitudes towards technology in society.

 

“This is an outstandingly well-researched e-book, a excitement to learn and unusual by means of the prime quality of its observations and judgments. it is going to be of targeted curiosity to students of contemporary historical past, yet non-specialist readers will benefit from the readability that Thorpe brings to universal misunderstandings approximately his subject.”—Graham Farmelo, Times better schooling Supplement

 

“A attention-grabbing new viewpoint. . . . Thorpe’s ebook presents the simplest viewpoint but for figuring out Oppenheimer’s Los Alamos years, that have been severe, in the end, not just to his lifestyles yet, for larger or worse, the heritage of mankind.”—Catherine Westfall, Nature

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Download PDF by Kunio Masuno: A story of optical fiber: Optical cable field test realized

By Kunio Masuno

電電公社(現NTT)研究所でただひとり
光ファイバから光ケーブル、現場試験まで経験した研究者が綴る
日本で最初の光ファイバケーブル現場試験に至るまでの記録

・光ファイバはどのようにして実現されたか
・光ファイバ、光ケーブルの研究開発の歴史
・世界初の大規模現場試験

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Biowarrior: Inside the Soviet/Russian Biological War - download pdf or read online

By Igor V. Domaradskij

This amazing memoir by means of a number one Russian scientist who labored for many years on the nerve heart of the top-secret "Biopreparat" bargains a chilling look at the organic guns software of the previous Soviet Union, vestiges of which nonetheless exist at the present time within the Russian Federal Republic. Igor Domaradskij calls himself an "inconvenient man": a committed scientist yet a nonconformist who used to be frequently in clash with govt and armed forces apparatchiks. during this booklet he finds the lethal nature of the study he participated in for nearly fifteen years.

Domaradskij is going into nice aspect concerning the secrecy, intrigue, and the bureaucratic maze that enveloped the Biopreparat scientists, making them think like helpless pawns. What sticks out in his account is the hasty, patchwork nature of the Soviet attempt in bioweaponry. faraway from being a smooth-running, terrifying monolith, this used to be an firm cobbled jointly out of the conflicts and contretemps of squabbling celebration bureaucrats, army know-nothings, and stressed, bold scientists. In many ways the inefficiency and shortage of responsibility during this approach make all of it the extra scary as a global probability. For at the present time its dimensions are nonetheless no longer absolutely recognized, neither is it convinced that anybody staff is totally in command of the proliferation of this deadly weaponry.

Biowarrior is nerve-racking yet worthy examining for someone wishing to appreciate the character and dimensions of the organic risk in an period of foreign terrorism.

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Download e-book for iPad: Scientific Autobiography: and Other Papers by Max Planck

By Max Planck

In this attention-grabbing autobiography from one of many most well known geniuses of twentieth-century physics, Max Planck tells the tale of his lifestyles, his goals, and his pondering. released posthumously, the papers during this quantity have been written for the overall reader and make available Planck’s medical theories in addition to his philosophical beliefs, together with his recommendations on ethics and morals.

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Download e-book for kindle: Il più grande errore di Einstein (Italian Edition) by David Bodanis,Tullio Cannillo

By David Bodanis,Tullio Cannillo

Ritenuto uno dei geni più grandi di tutti i tempi, Albert Einstein con l. a. sua teoria della relatività ha rivoluzionato los angeles nostra comprensione del cosmo. Eppure quest'uomo geniale e visionario ha trascorso gli ultimi decenni della sua vita in una sorta di isolamento intellettuale, ignorato dalla comunità scientifica e criticato persino dai suoi stessi amici. Che cosa è successo? Com'è possibile che da un grande trionfo sia scaturito uno scacco altrettanto grande?

Per rispondere a queste domande, David Bodanis, già storico del pensiero all'Università di Oxford e autorevole divulgatore scientifico, ripercorre l'avventura umana e professionale di Albert Einstein; un cammino, quello del fisico tedesco, costellato di certezze e ripensamenti, di solide convinzioni e dubbi laceranti. A partire dal 1905, l'annus mirabilis della pubblicazione degli articoli che portarono alla formulazione della teoria della relatività ristretta, in step with arrivare poi agli scritti sulla relatività generale - al cuore della quale si trova los angeles magnifica equazione G = T con cui Einstein svelava le caratteristiche insospettate del pace e dello spazio -, Bodanis espone con rigore e semplicità le sensazionali scoperte del giovane scienziato nonché il contesto culturale che le accolse, dapprima con circospezione e in seguito con crescente entusiasmo. Ma ricostruisce anche le vicende che portarono Einstein a commettere il suo «più grande errore», allorché, rifiutando di dare credito alle evidenze sperimentali che una nuova generazione di ricercatori aveva prodotto in contrasto con le sue teorie, egli distolse caparbiamente lo sguardo dalle prospettive della fisica moderna che proprio allora si andavano schiudendo, in particolare nel campo della meccanica quantistica. Anziché contribuire con il suo ingegno a trasformare ancora una volta il mondo, nell'arco di pochi anni Einstein si ritrovò ai margini della comunità scientifica internazionale, deprivato della sua straordinaria reputazione e isolato nella sua casa di Mercer highway a Princeton.

Il più grande errore di Einstein non è solo una nuova biografia intellettuale dello scienziato più famoso di tutti i tempi, un ritratto in chiaroscuro di un uomo trasognato eppure capace di formidabili certezze. È anche l. a. storia esemplare dell'ascesa e della caduta del genio, della lotta incessante tra hýbris e fallimento, dell'ardore intellettuale della giovinezza che inevitabilmente cede il passo alle incertezze e alle paure della vecchiaia.

David Bodanis, laureato in matematica teorica all'Università di Chicago, ha tenuto in step with molti anni un corso di storia del pensiero all'Università di Oxford. Da Mondadori ha pubblicato La tua casa segreta (2001), il bestseller E = mc2 (2001) e L'universo elettrico (2006). Ha collaborato con los angeles BBC e con le testate «The Times», «The Guardian», «New Scientist», «The autonomous» e «The Washington Post».

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