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By Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation's Subsurface Remediation Effort,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Across the USA, millions of harmful waste websites are infected with chemical compounds that hinder the underlying groundwater from assembly ingesting water criteria. those contain Superfund websites and different amenities that deal with and get rid of detrimental waste, lively and inactive dry cleaners, and leaking underground garage tanks; many are at federal amenities similar to army installations. whereas many websites were closed over the last 30 years via cleanup courses run by way of the U.S. division of safeguard, the U.S. EPA, and different nation and federal organizations, the rest caseload is way tougher to deal with as the nature of the illness and subsurface stipulations make it tough to accomplish ingesting water criteria within the affected groundwater.

Alternatives for handling the Nation's advanced infected Groundwater Sites estimates that at the very least 126,000 websites around the U.S. nonetheless have infected groundwater, and their closure is anticipated to price no less than $110 billion to $127 billion. approximately 10 percentage of those websites are thought of "complex," which means recovery is not likely to be completed within the subsequent 50 to a hundred years because of technological boundaries. At websites the place contaminant concentrations have plateaued at degrees above cleanup ambitions regardless of lively efforts, the record recommends comparing no matter if the websites should still transition to long term administration, the place dangers will be monitored and destructive exposures avoided, yet at diminished costs.

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Alternatives for Managing the Nation's Complex Contaminated Groundwater Sites by Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation's Subsurface Remediation Effort,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council


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